African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out

Book African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out
Book Title
African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out
Publisher
Routledge
Author
Sara Geenen
ISBN
1317483227
Pages
240
Publish Date
2015-08-11

Artisanal mining is commonly associated with violent conflict, rampant corruption and desperate poverty. Yet millions of people across Sub Sahara Africa depend on it. Many of them are living in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), home to important mineral reserves, but also to a plethora of armed groups and massive human rights violations. African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out provides a rich and in-depth analysis of the Congolese gold sector. Instead of portraying miners and traders as passive victims of economic forces, regional conflicts or disheartening national policies, it focuses on how they gain access to and benefit from gold. It shows a professional artisanal mining sector governed by a set of specific norms, offering ample opportunities for flexible employment and local livelihood support and being well-connected to the local economy and society. It argues for the viability of artisanal gold mining in the context of weak African states and in the transition towards a post-conflict and more industrialized economy. This book will be of great interest to researchers and postgraduates studying natural resources and development as well as those in development studies, African studies, sociology, political economy, political ecology, legal pluralism, and history.

African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out

Book African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out
Book Title
African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out
Publisher
Routledge
Author
Sara Geenen
ISBN
9781138898486
Pages
254
Publish Date
2015-08-26

Artisanal mining is commonly associated with violent conflict, rampant corruption and desperate poverty. Yet millions of people across Sub Sahara Africa depend on it. Many of them are living in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), home to important mineral reserves, but also to a plethora of armed groups and massive human rights violations. African Artisanal Mining from the Inside Out provides a rich and in-depth analysis of the Congolese gold sector. Instead of portraying miners and traders as passive victims of economic forces, regional conflicts or disheartening national policies, it focuses on how they gain access to and benefit from gold. It shows a professional artisanal mining sector governed by a set of specific norms, offering ample opportunities for flexible employment and local livelihood support and being well-connected to the local economy and society. It argues for the viability of artisanal gold mining in the context of weak African states and in the transition towards a post-conflict and more industrialized economy. This book will be of great interest to researchers and postgraduates studying natural resources and development as well as those in development studies, African studies, sociology, political economy, political ecology, legal pluralism, and history.

Between the Plough and the Pick

Book Between the Plough and the Pick
Book Title
Between the Plough and the Pick
Publisher
ANU Press
Author
Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt
ISBN
1760461725
Pages
374
Publish Date
2018-03-01

y global social, agrarian and political changes, whilst underlining the roles that local social political-historical contexts play in shaping mineral extractive processes and practices. It shows that the people who are engaged in these mining practices are often the poorest and most exploited labourers-erstwhile peasants caught in the vortex of global change, who perform the most insecure and dangerous tasks. Although these people are located at the margins of mainstream economic life, they collectively produce enormous amounts of diverse material commodities and find a livelihood (and often a pathway out of oppressive poverty). The contributions to this book bring these people to the forefront of debates on resource politics. The contributors are international scholars and practitioners who explore the complexities in the histories, in labour and production practices, the forces driving such mining, the creative agency and capacities of these miners, as well as the human and environmental costs of ASM. They show how these informal, artisanal and small scale miners are inextricably engaged with, or bound to, global commodity values, are intimately involved in the production of new extractive territories and rural economies, and how their labour reshapes agrarian communities and landscapes of resource access and control. This book drives home the understanding that, collectively, this social and economic milieu redefines our conceptualisation of resource politics, mineral dependent livelihoods, extractive geographies of resources and commodities, and their multiple meanings.

Global Gold Production Touching Ground

Book Global Gold Production Touching Ground
Book Title
Global Gold Production Touching Ground
Publisher
Springer Nature
Author
Boris Verbrugge,Sara Geenen
ISBN
3030384861
Pages
379
Publish Date
2020-05-04

In recent decades, gold mining has moved into increasingly remote corners of the globe. Aside from the expansion of industrial gold mining, many countries have simultaneously witnessed an expansion of labor-intensive and predominantly informal artisanal and small-scale gold mining. Both trends are usually studied in isolation, which contributes to a dominant image of a dual gold mining economy. Counteracting this dominant view, this volume adopts a global perspective, and demonstrates that both industrial gold mining and artisanal and small-scale gold mining are functionally integrated into a global gold production system. It couples an analysis of structural trends in global gold production (expansion, informalization, and technological innovation) to twelve country case studies that detail how global gold production becomes embedded in institutional and ecological structures.

Between the Plough and the Pick

Book Between the Plough and the Pick
Book Title
Between the Plough and the Pick
Publisher
ANU Press
Author
Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt
ISBN
1760461725
Pages
374
Publish Date
2018-03-01

y global social, agrarian and political changes, whilst underlining the roles that local social political-historical contexts play in shaping mineral extractive processes and practices. It shows that the people who are engaged in these mining practices are often the poorest and most exploited labourers-erstwhile peasants caught in the vortex of global change, who perform the most insecure and dangerous tasks. Although these people are located at the margins of mainstream economic life, they collectively produce enormous amounts of diverse material commodities and find a livelihood (and often a pathway out of oppressive poverty). The contributions to this book bring these people to the forefront of debates on resource politics. The contributors are international scholars and practitioners who explore the complexities in the histories, in labour and production practices, the forces driving such mining, the creative agency and capacities of these miners, as well as the human and environmental costs of ASM. They show how these informal, artisanal and small scale miners are inextricably engaged with, or bound to, global commodity values, are intimately involved in the production of new extractive territories and rural economies, and how their labour reshapes agrarian communities and landscapes of resource access and control. This book drives home the understanding that, collectively, this social and economic milieu redefines our conceptualisation of resource politics, mineral dependent livelihoods, extractive geographies of resources and commodities, and their multiple meanings.

Mountain Movers

Book Mountain Movers
Book Title
Mountain Movers
Publisher
Routledge
Author
Daniel M. Franks
ISBN
1134656130
Pages
178
Publish Date
2015-09-16

The products of mining are everywhere – if it wasn’t grown, it was mined or drilled. But the mining industry has a chequered past. Pollution, human rights abuses, and corruption have tarnished the reputation of the industry across the globe. Over a decade ago the major mining companies embraced the concept of sustainable and equitable development and embarked on an explicit process of reform – but has the industry actually changed? This book explores the dynamics of change-making for sustainable development in the resources sector, specifically the mining of mineral and energy resources. The author recounts the stories and insights of over forty change-makers both inside and outside the industry, from anti-mining activists to the professionals charged with the task of reform, introducing the people who are moving an industry that moves mountains. The book takes stock of what has worked and what has not, analyzing the relative influence and dynamics of the key corporate, civil society and government actors with a view to developing new approaches for improving environmental and social outcomes from mineral and energy development. Illustrated with case studies from Angola, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Guinea, Peru, The Philippines, Romania, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and The United States of America, and brimming with the backstories to the major sustainability initiatives, Mountain Movers reveals where progress has been made and where reform is still needed towards a more sustainable and equitable mining industry.

African Mining

Book African Mining
Book Title
African Mining
Publisher
Author
N.A
ISBN
Pages
N.A
Publish Date
2005

Small-scale Mining, Rural Subsistence and Poverty in West Africa

Book Small-scale Mining, Rural Subsistence and Poverty in West Africa
Book Title
Small-scale Mining, Rural Subsistence and Poverty in West Africa
Publisher
Practical Action Pub
Author
Gavin M. Hilson
ISBN
9781853396298
Pages
323
Publish Date
2006

An in-depth analysis of the small-scale mining sector in West Africa, this volume examines its link with poverty, economic contribution and the dynamics of its operations and dependent communities. In recent decades, Africa' poverty-driven artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector has attracted significant donor aid. To date, millions of dollars have been pledged toward the design, redesign and implementation of efficient equipment at sites, providing industry support services and improving the quality of life of subsistence operators. The majority of initiatives, however, have been undertaken without careful analysis of, and interaction with, target communities; consequently, there has been minimal improvement overall in a rapidly expanding industry in dire need of assistance. This book facilitates a radical change in the way in which policies and support services are implemented for ASM by underscoring the importance of improving understanding of the industry's population and industry dynamics. Focusing upon the Economic Community of the West African States, the book raises important questions concerning the general approach taken to deliver support for ASM and presents findings from community-based research, a key to strengthening industry policy and assistance.

Colonial Extractions

Book Colonial Extractions
Book Title
Colonial Extractions
Publisher
University of Toronto Press
Author
Paula Butler
ISBN
1442649321
Pages
384
Publish Date
2015

Draws on colonial, postcolonial, and critical race theory to examine the racialized distribution of power that underpins Canadian mining in several African countries and reveal a colonialist mindset that legitimizes extraction through neo-liberal legal frameworks and a national myth of a humane, enlightened global actor.

The Socio-Economic Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in Developing Countries

Book The Socio-Economic Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in Developing Countries
Book Title
The Socio-Economic Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in Developing Countries
Publisher
CRC Press
Author
G.M. Hilson
ISBN
0203971280
Pages
766
Publish Date
2006-01-16

The purpose of this book is to examine both the positive and negative socioeconomic impacts of artisanal and small-scale mining in developing countries. In recent years, a number of governments have attempted to formalize this rudimentary sector of industry, recognizing its socioeconomic importance. However, the industry continues to be plagued by a wide range of problems, including environmental and health-related impacts, rampant illegal activity and illicit mineral marketing, and disease. The book provides an up-to-date overview of social and economic conditions in the artisanal and small-scale mining industry, integrating both theoretical assessments with case study research recently undertaken in the field. It features the following five sections: Policy and Regulatory Issues in the Small-Scale Mining Industry; Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining, Labour and the Community; African Case Studies of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining; Asian Case Studies of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining; and Latin American Case Studies of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining. Geared toward servicing a wide-ranging audience, including academics, consultants, and government researchers, The Socioeconomic Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in Developing Countries is an invaluable tool for policy-makers at all levels.

Artisanal and Small-scale Mining

Book Artisanal and Small-scale Mining
Book Title
Artisanal and Small-scale Mining
Publisher
IIED
Author
Thomas Hentschel
ISBN
9781843694700
Pages
80
Publish Date
2003

The Extractive Industries Sourcebook

Book The Extractive Industries Sourcebook
Book Title
The Extractive Industries Sourcebook
Publisher
World Bank
Author
Peter D. Cameron,Michael Stanley
ISBN
9780821396582
Pages
318
Publish Date
2017-06

Oil, Gas and Mining: A Sourcebook for Understanding the Extractive Industries provides developing countries with a technical understanding and practical options around oil, gas, and mining sector development issues. A central premise of the Sourcebook is that good technical knowledge can better inform political, economic and social choices with respect to sector development and the related risks and opportunities. The guidance provided by the Sourcebook assumes a broad set of overarching principles, all centered on good governance and directed at achieving positive and broadly-based sustainable development outcomes. Oil, Gas and Mining is rich in presenting options to challenges, on the understanding that contexts and needs vary; and there is much to be gained from appreciating the lessons learned from a broad set of experiences. The Sourcebook is intended for use by senior government officials, decision makers, domestic and international technical specialists, civil society and individuals alike. It has been developed through a partnership of universities, industry and civil society organizations, and the World Bank. The Sourcebook is also available in a constantly evolving online version at www.eisourcebook.org

Brett Kebble

Book Brett Kebble
Book Title
Brett Kebble
Publisher
Struik Pub
Author
Barry Sergeant
ISBN
Pages
357
Publish Date
2006

An unbelievable story of the life and death of a South African mining magnate

Mining in Latin America

Book Mining in Latin America
Book Title
Mining in Latin America
Publisher
Routledge
Author
Kalowatie Deonandan,Michael L. Dougherty
ISBN
1317414500
Pages
292
Publish Date
2016-07-15

The last two decades have witnessed a dramatic expansion and intensification of mineral resource exploitation and development across the global south, especially in Latin America. This shift has brought mining more visibly into global public debates and spurred a great deal of controversy and conflict. This volume assembles new scholarship that provides critical perspectives on these issues. The book marshals original, empirical work from leading social scientists in a variety of disciplines to address a range of questions about the practices of mining companies on the ground, the impacts of mining on host communities, and the responses to mining from communities, civil society and states. The book further explores the global and international causes, consequences and innovations of this new era of mining activity in Latin America. Key issues include the role of Canadian mining companies and their investment in the region, and, to a lesser extent, the role of Chinese mining capital. Several chapters take a regional perspective, while others are based on empirical data from specific countries including Bolivia, Brazil, El Salvador, Guatemala and Peru.

Gendering the Field

Book Gendering the Field
Book Title
Gendering the Field
Publisher
ANU E Press
Author
Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt
ISBN
1921862173
Pages
230
Publish Date
2011-03-01

The chapters in this book offer concrete examples from all over the world to show how community livelihoods in mineral-rich tracts can be more sustainable by fully integrating gender concerns into all aspects of the relationship between mining practices and mine affected communities. By looking at the mining industry and the mine-affected communities through a gender lens, the authors indicate a variety of practical strategies to mitigate the impacts of mining on women's livelihoods without undermining women's voice and status within the mine-affected communities. The term 'field' in the title of this volume is not restricted to the open-cut pits of large scale mining operations which are male-dominated workplaces, or with mining as a masculine, capital-intensive industry, but also connotes the wider range of mineral extractive practices which are carried out informally by women and men of artisanal communities at much smaller geographical scales throughout the mineral-rich tracts of poorer countries.

A Farmer's Best Friend?

Book A Farmer's Best Friend?
Book Title
A Farmer's Best Friend?
Publisher
Academia Press
Author
Koen Vlassenroot
ISBN
9038218915
Pages
140
Publish Date
2012

The economics of artisanal diamond mining from the Belgian government funded Egmont Artisanal Diamond Mining Project

Resource Extraction, Space and Resilience

Book Resource Extraction, Space and Resilience
Book Title
Resource Extraction, Space and Resilience
Publisher
Routledge
Author
Juha Kotilainen
ISBN
0429647662
Pages
134
Publish Date
2020-10-30

While much of the current research on the extractive industries and their socio-environmental impacts is region specific, Resource Extraction, Space and Resilience: International Perspectives critically explores the current state of the extractive industries sector from a uniquely global perspective. The book introduces a more dynamic idea of sustainability in evaluating mineral extraction and its impacts, and provides a spatialized understanding of the evolution of the extractive industries to help visualise the interlinkages across space, regions and scales. Professor Kotilainen responds to these theoretical challenges by analysing the potential for resilience of mining activities from multiple perspectives across scales, exploring why it is only possible to achieve temporary balance and stability for the whole resource extraction system. Taking a global perspective, the book explores the interlinkages of the industry, investigates the similarities and differences in how the industry operates and examines the social and environmental impacts it has. By providing an explicitly theoretically informed analysis of the state of the extractive industries, this text will appeal to a wide range of scholars with an interdisciplinary interest in the extractive industries and natural resource management, including human geographers and social scientists with a focus on the relations of humans and societies with their physical environments.

A Poisonous Mix

Book A Poisonous Mix
Book Title
A Poisonous Mix
Publisher
Author
N.A
ISBN
9781564328311
Pages
108
Publish Date
2011

This 108-page report reveals that children as young as six dig mining shafts, work underground, pull up heavy weights of ore, and carry, crush, and pan ore. Many children also work with mercury, a toxic substance, to separate the gold from the ore. Mercury attacks the central nervous system and is particularly harmful to children.

Losing Your Land

Book Losing Your Land
Book Title
Losing Your Land
Publisher
Boydell & Brewer Ltd
Author
An Ansoms,Thea Hilhorst
ISBN
1847011055
Pages
218
Publish Date
2014

Examines a new aspect of one of the highest profile issues facing Africa today-land-grabbing-and shows the widespread impact of small-scale dispossession.